Between work and rest, the cut is not clear. ... The festejos are indissociveis of the ceremonies; they depend generally on the cult, not of the leisure. ... The idleness of the aristocratic classrooms of the traditional civilization (philosophers of old Greece or nobles of century XVI) cannot, equally, be considered leisure. ... This idleness is not defined in relation to the work. It is not nor a complement, nor a compensation; he is a substitute of the work.
(P. 26-7). Of this form, for Dumazedier (1999), ' ' the leisure is not the idleness, does not suppress the work; pressupe' ' (P. 28). This narrow linking between work and not-work (leisure, cio), is breached in the modern period, when the work acquires a primordial direction in the existence human being. This change is verified from the Renaissance, when, in result of reasons politics, economic and social, the proper attitude of the man in relation to the values that conduct the life is modified. The disarticulation of the feudal process, the commercial growth and of the cities, the great navigations, the religious Reformation and the development of the mercantile capitalism go to modify all the factors of the context. These transformations deeply are analyzed by Weber.
This emphasizes that ' ' spirit of capitalismo' ' it existed in the most diverse social classrooms, in all the times and nations, but it was in the Ocidente, in the modern age, that if developed a different capitalism completely, through the rational organization of the free work (formal, the least), of the separation of the workstations of those of residence and of the creation of a rational accounting. ' ' The modern rational capitalism is based on half the technician of production and one determined legal system, beyond an administration guided for rules formais' ' (WEBER, 2003, P. 13). Weber is interested in verifying which the influence of the religion in the origin of modern economic system capitalist-industrial, showing as if of the o progress of the rationalization in the Ocidente, fact that did not happen in the East.